Name of NTFP: Bamboo
Local Name of different species in Chhattisgarh –
Chhipa/pani Bamboo, Timi Bamboo, Dogar timi, Pita Bamboo, Bendri Bamboo and Kaata Bamboo.
Distribution in India:
India has the highest area (13.96 million ha) under bamboo and is the second richest country, after China, in terms of bamboo diversity with 136 species (125 indigenous and 11 exotic). The annual production of bamboo in India is about 14.6 million tonnes and annual yield varies from 1 to 3 tonnes per hectare.
In Chhattisgarh State, bamboo is being used as building material/construction material, different bamboo crafts and furniture by village artisans, supply to industry like paper and pulp. Bamboo is also used in Chhattisgarh as a major seasonal food. Making of different bamboo crafts and its trading/sale is also a main source of income of few categories of people in Chhattisgarh.
Chhattisgarh has major bamboo cultivation in Bastar region with tribals engaged in both production and thereafter value addition. Bastar region is the largest bamboo growing pocket in Chhattisgarh State. But rebels had never restricted the farmers to take up bamboo cultivation. Other districts including Bilaspur, Mungeli, Rajnandgaon, Mahasamund also produce bamboo in Chhattisgarh. According to officials, Chhattisgarh will be now in a position to produce 5 million bamboos per annum. The state government should draw an action plan to trap the potential and encourage villagers for bamboo cultivation that would increase their income.
The National Bamboo Mission has been restructured at national level under Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India. The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) is represented in the Executive Committee formed by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmer’s Welfare (DAC&FW) to oversee the activities of the National Bamboo Mission (NBM). The objective of the NBM is to popularize the use of bamboo by synergizing activities in this regard undertaken by various Ministries/Departments/Agencies of the Government. MoRD also advises for promotion of Bamboo and Bamboo-based construction material in PMAY-G .
Chhattisgarh is facing difficulty in finding farmers who are ready to take up bamboo cultivation. The insufficient grant given to the farmers to cultivate bamboo was cited as one of the reasons for the reluctance. According to officials, farmers in Chhattisgarh grew paddy and hence they were not keen to take up bamboo cultivation.